of the miniature schnauzer (Zwergschnauzer)
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Germany
EMPLOYMENT: House and companion dog.
FCI CLASSIFICATION: Group 2
pinscher and schnauzer, molossoid breed, Swiss
Section 1 Dogs of type pinscher and schnauzer.
Not subordinate to job test.
GENERAL ASPECT :
Small, sturdy, more compact than slim,
rough coat, distinguished.
It is a reduced image of the Schnauzer without
the drawback of a dwarfed appearance.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :
Of square construction, it means
that the height at the withers is nearly
equal to the body length.
The total length of the head (measured from the
tip of the nose to the occipital crest
them) corresponds to the half
of the back length(measured from the whiters to
the attack of the tail).
Its attitude is similar to that of the
Schnauzer even if it is characterized from a
and behavior typical of a small dog.
Intelligence, recklessness, endurance and
alertness make the miniature schnauzer
(Zwergschnauzer) a pleasant house dog, beyond a
keeper and a companion which can
live without problems also in a house of small
REGION OF THE SKULL:
Skull: the skull is strong and lengthened with
occiput no marking. The head must be in harmony
with the size of the dog.
The frontal bone is flat with very stiff skin,
the forehead horizontal line must be parallel to
the superio line of the
snout like in the image "a". In "b" we
are in a situation of divergence of
parallelisms, while in the fig. "c"
there is a convergence of parallelisms.
Obviously the situations represented in "b" and
"c" constitute a defect.
Stop: the stop it is very marked
and with the aid of the brow it appears very
REGION OF THE SNOUT
Nose: well developed always black with
nostrils very opened.
Snout: it finishes in a cone log,
the advanced line is rectilinear.
Lips: black, very adherent and flat
against the jaws, the corners of lips is closed.
Teeth: solid upper and lower jaw, strong
scissor closing. They are considers
disqualification defects the prognatism
and the enognatism, while the closing to pincer
is considered only defect. The set of teeth must
be complete with 42 strong white teeth, and
respect the dental formula of the dog. The
chewing muscle is very developed but not so much
to make appear the
cheeks too much in relief. The cheeks must not
interfere with the rectangular aspect of the
head, with the aid of the beard.
Eyes: of medium largeness and shape oval
inserted in semilateral position and the most
darkest is possible
with an alive expression. The eyelids are very
adherent to the ocular globe.
Ears: natural ears are refolded and
pendants attacked high on the head to turned
upside down "V" shape,
are brought in symmetrical way and revolts in
front (when the dog is in attention) in zygomas
the ears inner edge is adherent to cheeks. The
junction does not be too much hight in the skull
line (fig. b)
or to be too low (fig. c). Consequently the
junctions must be like in the image "a".
The neck is harmoniously melted in the
whiters and is connected with the nape by a
In harmony with the rest of the body the neck is
solidly inserted, slim and nobly curved.
The throat skin is very stiff and without folds.
Dorsal line: the dorsal line is slightly
descendant from the withers towards rear.
Whiters: it represents the higher point
of the dorsal line.
Back: strongly, short and taut.
Loins: short, solid and deep. The
distance between the last rib to the hip
is much short to make the dog appear
Rump: it is imperceptibly melted
with the tail junction and is slightly rounded.
Chest: of moderated width, the
trasversal section is oval and reaching to the
The forechest is distinctly marked by the point
of the sternum.
Inferior line and belly: bellt is
moderately retract and joining with the inferior
part of the thorax it designs a beautiful curved
Tail: natural and correctly brought.
Elbow: very adherent, without deviations
neither outside or inside.
Forearm: seen from every side is
absolutely straight, strongly developed
and with very obvious musculature.
Carpal joint: solid, firm, barely
standing out against the structure of the
Pastern: seen from the front must be
vertical, in the lateral profile
a light inclination is present, must be solid
and muscular and slightly springy.
Forefeet: short and round, the toes
well-knit and arched (cat foot),
the plantar pads are strong and black, the nails
are strong and dark.
POSTERIOR LIMBS: seen from profile
the hindquarters are tilt but not much extended.
Tracing a vertical line from the gluteus
to the ground, this must be met with the tip of
the foot in this case we have corrected
Seen from the rear the hindquarters are
parallels and not not close together.
Thigh: of medium length, wide and
Stifle: well direct, never turned towards
the inside or the outside.
Leg: long, strong and sinewy, jointed
whit the hock, which must be strong.
Hock: very well angulated, strong, firm,
never turned towards the inside or the outside.
Metatarsus: short and perpendicular to
Hind feet: short toes, arched and
well-knit; the nails are short and of dark
Melted, elegant, agile, free and wide. The
forelegs extending most possible in ahead, the
hind legs supply the necessary
push for a long and elastic falcate. The front
limb of one side, and the hind leg, from the
opposite side move forward
at the same time. The back, the ligaments and
the joints are firm.
Very adherent on all the body.
Hair: the hair must be hard (therefore be
said iron thread) and very driven, the coat is
formed by an a driven undercoat
and by acoat of cover (sufficiently long to be
able to estimate the quality) hard and very
adherent, it must not be neither
goffered and undulated. The hair on the limbs
stretches to be less hard. The hair is normally
shorter on the forehead
and on the ears. The beard, not too much soft,
and the bushy eyebrows which slightly shade the
eyes are a typical
characteristic of race.
*Pure black with black undercoat
*Pepper and Salt
*Pure white with white undercoat
When breeding pepper and salt the aim
is to obtain a medium color with a
"pepper" tonality well black pigmented
and uniform, with gray undercoat. They are
admitted tonalities that goes
from the dark gray (color of the iron) to
the silverplated gray. Independently from
the tonality of the coat all "pepper and salt"
schnauzer must have a darker mask that
emphasizes the expression and that spouse
harmoniously with the color of the subject.
The presence of clearly clear zones on the
head, the chest, and undesiderable.For
black silver colour,
the aim in breeding is a black color of the hair
associated to an undercoat of the same color and
with white markings over the eyes, on the
cheeks, at the beard, at the throat, in two
divided triangles at the front
of the chest, on the front pasterns, on the
feet, on the inside of the hind legs and around
The forehead, the neck and the external part of
the ears are black.
SIZE AND WEIGHT
Height at withers: it is whether for the
males or for the females between 30 and 35
Weight: it is whether for the males or
for the females approximately between the 4,5
and 7 kg.
Any departure from the foregoing points should
be considered a defect that will be penalized in
function of its gravity.
*Heavy or round skull
*Wrinkles on the forehead
*Short, pointed or narrow muzzle
*Strongly protruding cheeks or cheekbones.
*Eyes clear, too much large or too much
*Ears attacked low, too much long or carried not
in symmetrical way
*Presence of throatiness
*Dewlap, narrow crest or neck
*Too long, tucked up or soft back
*Rump falling away
*Tail insertion turned towards the head (rabbit
*Too short, too long, soft, wavy, shaggy, silky
*A black trace on the back or a black saddle
*In Black/Silver not clearly separated triangles
on the chest
*Over- or undersize up to 1 cm regarding the
limits of the standard
*Clumsy or light build. Too low or too high on
*Absence of sexual dimorfism: feminine male and
*Elbows turning out
*Straight or open hocked hindlegs
*Lower thigh too long
*Hocks turning inwards
*Rear pastern too short
*White or spotted coat in black or pepper and
*Patchy coat in the colours black/silver and
*Over- or undersize by more than 1 cm but less
than 2 cm regarding the limits of the standard
*Every type of malformation
*Lack of breed type
*Defects of closing, prognatism,
enognatism, turned aside incisord arched
*Regarding serious defects in the construction,
in the coat and in the color
*Over- or undersize by more than 2 cm from the
limits of the standard
*Behavior frightening, aggressive, mordacious,
and too mistrustful and nervous
N.B. The males must completely have two
testicles of normal aspect and fully descended
into the scrotum.