Standard of the miniature schnauzer (Zwergschnauzer)

COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Germany

EMPLOYMENT: House and companion dog.

FCI CLASSIFICATION: Group 2  pinscher and schnauzer, molossoid breed, Swiss Mountain.
Section 1 Dogs of type pinscher and schnauzer.
Not subordinate to job test.

GENERAL ASPECT :

Small, sturdy, more compact than slim,  rough coat, distinguished.
It is a reduced image of the Schnauzer without the drawback of a dwarfed appearance.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :
Of square construction,  it means that  the height at the withers is nearly equal to the body length.
The total length of the head (measured from the tip of the nose to the occipital crest  them) corresponds to the half
of the back length(measured from the whiters to the attack of the tail).

           

BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT:

Its attitude is similar to that  of the Schnauzer even if it is characterized from a temperament
and behavior typical of a small dog. Intelligence, recklessness, endurance and alertness make the miniature schnauzer (Zwergschnauzer) a pleasant house dog, beyond a keeper and a companion which can
live without problems also in a house of small dimensions.

HEAD
REGION OF THE SKULL
:
Skull: the skull is strong and lengthened with occiput no marking. The head must be in harmony with the size of the dog.
The frontal bone is flat with very stiff skin, the forehead horizontal line must be parallel to the superio line of the 
snout like in the image "a".  In "b" we are  in a situation of divergence of parallelisms, while in the fig. "c"
there is a convergence of parallelisms. Obviously the situations represented in "b" and "c" constitute a defect.

   

Stop:  the stop it is very marked and with the aid of the brow it appears very obvious.
 
REGION OF THE SNOUT
Nose: well developed always black with nostrils very opened.
Snout: it finishes in a  cone log, the advanced line is rectilinear.
Lips: black, very adherent and flat against the jaws, the corners of lips is closed.
 
Teeth: solid upper and lower jaw, strong scissor closing. They are considers disqualification defects the prognatism
and the enognatism, while the closing to pincer is considered only defect. The set of teeth must be complete with 42 strong white teeth, and respect the dental formula of the dog. The chewing muscle is very developed but not so much to make appear the
cheeks too much in relief. The cheeks must not interfere with the rectangular aspect of the head, with the aid of the beard.

Eyes: of medium largeness and shape oval inserted in semilateral position and the most darkest is possible
with an alive expression. The eyelids are very adherent to the ocular globe.

Ears: natural ears are refolded and pendants attacked high on the head to turned upside down "V" shape,
are brought in symmetrical way and revolts in front (when the dog is in attention) in zygomas direction,
the ears inner edge is adherent to cheeks. The junction does not be too much hight in the skull line (fig. b)
or to be too low (fig. c). Consequently the junctions must be like in the image "a".

   

NECK

The neck is  harmoniously melted in the whiters and is connected with the nape by a strongly musculature.
In harmony with the rest of the body the neck is solidly inserted, slim and nobly curved.
The throat skin is very stiff and without folds.
 
BODY
Dorsal line: the dorsal line is slightly descendant from the withers towards rear.
Whiters: it represents the higher point of the dorsal line.
Back: strongly, short and taut.
 
Loins: short, solid and deep. The distance between the last rib to the hip is  much short to make the dog appear compact.



Rump: it is imperceptibly melted  with the tail junction and is slightly rounded.
Chest: of moderated width, the trasversal section is oval and reaching to the elbows.
The forechest is distinctly marked by the point of the sternum.
Inferior line and belly: bellt is moderately retract and joining with the inferior part of the thorax it designs a beautiful curved line.
Tail: natural and correctly brought.

Elbow: very adherent, without deviations neither  outside or inside.
Forearm: seen from every side is absolutely straight,  strongly developed and with very obvious musculature.
Carpal joint: solid, firm, barely standing out against the structure of the forearm.

Pastern: seen from the front must be vertical, in the lateral profile
a light inclination is present, must be solid and muscular and slightly springy.

Forefeet: short and round, the toes well-knit and arched (cat foot),
the plantar pads are strong and black, the nails are strong and dark.


   

POSTERIOR LIMBS: seen from profile  the hindquarters are tilt but not much extended. Tracing a vertical line from the gluteus
to the ground, this must be met with the tip of the foot in this case we have corrected posterior angles.
 Seen from the rear the hindquarters are parallels and not not close together.

   

Thigh: of medium length, wide and strongly muscled.
 
Stifle: well direct, never turned towards the inside or the outside.

   

Leg: long, strong and sinewy, jointed whit the hock, which must be strong.
 
Hock: very well angulated, strong, firm, never turned towards the inside or the outside.
 
Metatarsus: short and perpendicular to the ground.
 
Hind feet: short toes, arched and well-knit; the nails are short and of dark color.
 
 
MOVEMENT
Melted, elegant, agile, free and wide. The forelegs extending most possible in ahead, the hind legs supply  the necessary
push for a long and elastic falcate. The front limb of one side, and the hind leg, from the opposite side move forward
at the same time. The back, the ligaments and the joints are firm.
 
SKIN
Very adherent on all the body.
 
COAT
Hair: the hair must be hard (therefore be said iron thread) and very driven, the coat is formed by an a driven undercoat
and by acoat of cover (sufficiently long to be able to estimate the quality) hard and very adherent, it must not be neither
goffered and undulated. The hair on the limbs stretches to be less hard. The hair is normally shorter on the forehead
and on the ears. The beard, not too much soft, and the bushy eyebrows which slightly shade the eyes are a typical
characteristic of race.

  

Color:
*Pure black with black undercoat
*Pepper and Salt
*Black silver
*Pure white with white undercoat
 
When breeding  pepper and salt the aim is  to obtain a medium color with a "pepper" tonality well black pigmented
and uniform, with gray undercoat. They are admitted  tonalities that  goes  from the dark gray (color of the iron) to
 the silverplated gray. Independently from the tonality of the coat all "pepper and salt" schnauzer must have a darker mask that emphasizes the expression and that spouse harmoniously with the color of the subject.
The presence of  clearly clear zones on the head, the chest, and  undesiderable.For black silver colour,
the aim in breeding is a black color of the hair associated to an undercoat of the same color and
with white markings over the eyes, on the cheeks, at the beard, at the throat, in two divided triangles at the front
of the chest, on the front pasterns, on the feet, on the inside of the hind legs and around the anus.
The forehead, the neck and the external part of the ears are black.
 
SIZE AND WEIGHT
Height at withers:  it is whether for the males or for the females between 30 and  35 cm.
Weight: it is whether for the males or for the females approximately between the 4,5 and 7 kg.
 
DEFECTS
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a defect that will be penalized in function of its gravity.

In particular:
*Heavy or round skull
*Wrinkles on the forehead
*Short, pointed or narrow muzzle
*Pincer bite
*Strongly protruding cheeks or cheekbones.
*Eyes clear, too much large or  too much small
*Ears attacked low, too much long or carried not in symmetrical way
*Presence of throatiness
*Dewlap, narrow crest or neck
*Too long, tucked up or soft back
*Roach back
*Rump falling away
*Tail insertion turned towards the head (rabbit tail)
*Long feet
*Pacing movement
*Too short, too long, soft, wavy, shaggy, silky coat
*Brown undercoat
*A black trace on the back or a black saddle
*In Black/Silver not clearly separated triangles on the chest
*Over- or undersize up to 1 cm regarding the limits of the standard
 
SERIOUS DEFECTS
*Clumsy or light build. Too low or too high on leg
*Absence of sexual dimorfism: feminine male and masculine female
*Elbows turning out
*Straight or open hocked hindlegs
*Lower thigh too long
*Hocks turning inwards
*Rear pastern too short
*White or spotted coat in black or pepper and salt dogs
*Patchy coat in the colours black/silver and white
*Over- or undersize by more than 1 cm but less than 2 cm regarding the limits of the standard
 
DISQUALIFYING DEFECTS
*Every type of malformation
*Lack of breed type
*Defects of closing, prognatism, enognatism,  turned aside incisord arched
*Regarding serious defects in the construction, in the coat and in the color
*Over- or undersize by more than 2 cm from the limits of the standard
*Behavior frightening, aggressive, mordacious, and too  mistrustful and nervous

N.B. The males must completely have two testicles of normal aspect and fully descended into the scrotum.